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SS-Standort Dachau (part 6)


At the shooting range of SS-Standort Dachau you had the range at “Herbertshausen”, it´s 2 kilometers away north from the main camp. On this place the SS beside shooting practice conducted a war crime when they executed a lot of Russian POW´s there. the exact number is unknown. But we can count them in thousand. This kind of executions took place at several SS-Standorten such as Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald and other places. At Sachsenhausen they had a facility where the POW was supposed to get a medical check, and when they was telling him that they needed to measure his hight the POW took place by the wall, behind the wall an SS-Soldier stood ready with a gun. He opened a hatch a shot the POW in the back of the head. One of them was the so Called “pistolen schubert”.

The gate to the Shootingrange at Herbertshausen

The new Kommandant of the camp was in 1942 SS-Ostubaf Martin Weiss, who came from KL Neuengamme.

April 00, 1942
The Dachau SS Medical School, which was attached to the Dachau SS Hospital until 1942, was apparently closed in April 1942. Unfortunately, no further information is available on this, nor on the continued use of school staff.
(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Hospital Dachau, n.d., 2 pages, here p.1, see also BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Medical School Dachau, n.d., 2 pages, here p.1)

However, the school reopened in December 1942 (field post receipt). Unfortunately (June 13, 2018), details are not known.

SS-Standortkommandant Dachau, 28.1.1943 SS-Oberführer Pfannenstiel

With effect from November 1, 1943, an SS regular company, e.g. V., was set up in Dachau. ordered.

  1. General:
    a) The SS main company e.g.b.V. receives the designation
    SS Stamm-Company e.g.V.
    (SS Stammkp e.g. V.)
    b) Leader of the SS Stamm-Kp. e.g.V.: SS-Hauptsturmführer Harms
    He receives disciplinary powers according to DBO (mob) § 9.
    c) The SS Stamm-Kp. e.g.V. reports directly to the SS Main Command Office. She works closely with Amt A II, Org.Abt. IE, instructed. Economically, the company is assigned to the SS location administration in Dachau.
    d) Responsible for the formation of the SS Stamm-Kp. e.g.V. is SS-Hauptsturmführer Harms.
    The completed list is sent to the SS-FHA, Org.Abt. Yes to report.
    e) Postal address: SS-Stamm-Kp. e.g.V. Dachau 3/0 SS barracks.

2.) Structure:
A KStN does not apply to filling positions

3.) Personnel regulations:
Permanent staff are to be assigned by
SS-FHA Office V/IIa: 1 leader (seriously injured) as representative of the Kp. leader
1 guide for Abbot VI
SS-FHA Office II Org. Abt. IE: 1 staff sergeant
Additional permanent and training personnel will be formed into the SS-Stamm-Kp upon request by the SS-FHA, Org.Abt.IE. e.g.V. offset.

4.) Material provisions:
a) Weapons (for teaching purposes only) and training equipment will be provided upon request by SS-FHA, Org.Abt. Ib, assigned.
b) 2 le. Draft horses are to be assigned by SS-FHA, Office VI, the necessary harness equipment and 1 tow truck by SS-FHA, Office VII. takeover or The transfer must be made by mutual agreement.
c) Sports equipment, office supplies and equipment must be requested from SS-FHA.
d) Teaching materials are allocated upon request by SS-FHA, Regulations and Teaching Materials Department.

5.) Accommodation
First of all, accommodation with appropriate classrooms for 1,000 men must be provided by the SS Dachau location administration.

6.) Medical care is provided by the Dachau SS hospital.

7.) Tasks of the SS Stamm-Kp. e.g.V. are set out in a service instruction that is sent to the departments requiring cooperation. (not available, the author)

F.d.R. signed Hoffmann signed, Jü t t n e r
SS-Hauptsturmführer SS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS
(Copy from BA Berlin NS 19/ 1885 B.Arch.Kelling, provided to Uwe Kleinert 3.2008)

The formation of this company to record seriously injured members of the Waffen-SS was not only met with approval. Especially the head of the SS main office, the SS Obergruppenführer and general of the Waffen-SS Gottlob Berger, who only with effect from September 1, 1943, the SS convalescent battalion, the previous collection point for the troops’ war disabled people from the main welfare and supply office – SS had taken over the SS Main Office, saw this formation of the SS Main Office as a “competing company”.
Already in a letter dated October 29, 1943 to the Personal Staff of the Reichsführer-SS, SS-Obersturmbannführer Dr. Rudolf Brandt, CdSSHA/Be./We., VS-Tgb.No. 6768/43 case, Adjtr-Tgb.No. 3357/43, Berger explained: “Dear doctor!
It is unbearable for me to receive 1 or 2 things every day in which the orders or decisions given by the Reichsführer-SS are deliberately attacked. The matter is unbearable because I am certain that in the end I am the one who suffers, because a decision will either not be made or will be made in favor of the SS Headquarters. I’m tired of this now, and finally.

The Reichsführer-SS must intervene here and also point out to SS-Obergruppenführer Jüttner that he has to stick to the given orders and not constantly try – together with SS-Brigadeführer Dr. Haertel (the head of the main welfare and pension office SS, the author) – to sabotage the work. I am firmly convinced that the SS Stamm Company, for example, – which is what we are talking about here – is a competing company and so the uniformity is to be thwarted again.
It’s all pointless, and it would be best if my main office were to close down. What else should I do here? I have a big job to do at the front, but here at home I have to worry myself to death about things like this.
Letters arrive here every day. I submit today’s one to you. There are often up to 10 people who provide shocking evidence of how neither the main welfare and pension office nor the main management office did anything for the seriously injured. Now, after I took the matter into my own hands (taking over the SS-Gesenden-Btl., the author), you suddenly remember these things, and since you have all the technical and material possibilities, you can achieve this .
Dear doctor! You can say whatever you want this time. I’m too good to play the buffoon. Heil Hitler you…!”
(Copy from BA Berlin NS 19/ 1885 B.Arch.Kelling, provided to Uwe Kleinert 3.2008)

By March 1944 the SS Stamm-Kompanie z.b.V. For unknown reasons, probably due to lack of space, and at a previously unknown date, it had already been moved from Dachau to the SS “Germania” barracks in Hamburg-Langenhorn.

On March 23, 1944, the SS Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS Berger, CdSSHA/Be./We., wrote VS-Tgb.Nr. 211/44 g.Kdos, Adjtr.-Tgb.No. 193/44 g., again to the Personal Staff Reichsführer-SS, SS-Obersturmbannführer Dr. Rudolf Brandt, “Subject: SS Stamm-Kompanie z.b.V., Appendix: 1 process”: “Dear Doctor!
The Reichsführer-SS has ordered that I send you the report from my Office C III with all the appendices. In my opinion it is clear that this SS main company, for example, The SS Command Main Office has created a sieve through which only severely injured SS men who are no longer fit for action can get into the convalescent battalion.
“Hail Hitler, you…”
(Copy from BA Berlin NS 19/ 1885 B.Arch.Kelling, provided by Uwe Kleinert


January 00, 1944
Relocation of the SS Leader School of the Administrative Service to Arolsen. (SS-Verwaltung Shule der SS)

In mid-November 1943, an SS advance commando from Dachau sounded out the SS barracks of the 2nd Battalion of the SS Regiment “Germania” on Große Allee in Arolsen, which had been empty after the SS Anti-Aircraft Training and Replacement Regiment had been relocated to Munich-Freimarn for accommodation options at an SS leadership school in the barracks. (Zimmer, Deckn.Arthur, p. 51)

On November 14, 1943, a transport list was compiled in the Buchenwald concentration camp, which included 11 German, 12 Polish, 7 Czech, 2 Luxembourgish prisoners as well as 1 Belgian and 1 Dutch prisoner, which was intended for the newly established external command at the SS leader school in Arolsen were. The prisoner Willy Apel was employed as a prisoner capo and reported after the war: “The SS leader school used to be in Dachau and was moved to Arolsen. Buchenwald then had to provide a work detail. … We were all loaded into a car, onto a truck with appropriate security, and drove off. … We had no idea where Arolsen was and what we would encounter. …” (Zimmer, Deckn.Arthur, p. 51, note 4 interview by B.Zimemr with W. Apel from October 23, 1987).
The Polish prisoner Ludwik Majka remembered the transport: “… In the afternoon our group – around 40 prisoners – was picked up by a truck type “Holzgas” with a tarpaulin. … The group of prisoners was guarded by six SS men – Croats in German uniform – who were sitting at the car door, the driver – a German – and the command leader sitting next to him. … We arrived in Arolsen on the same day between 9 and 10 p.m. The first few nights we slept on straw bags spread out between machines. …”
(Zimmer, Deckn.Arthur, p. 75, note 2, report from L. Majka to B. Zimmer)

For Arolsen… when putting together the transport of November 14, 1943, it had to be taken into account that it was an external commando within an SS barracks, so particular caution was required when selecting the prisoners. The profession was an important criterion.
According to the personnel file, ten of them were cooks, waiters or butchers, i.e. they practiced jobs that were urgently needed in the newly established SS leader school. The others had relative qualifications primarily for construction work, and only in three cases was no craft occupation listed: clerk, tax official, businessman. (Zimmer, Deckn.Arthur, p. 52)

The majority of staff and teachers at the SS Leader School of the Arolsen Economic and Administrative Service came from the SS barracks in Dachau, which was located directly next to the concentration camp, separated only by a narrow river.
Some prisoners were already assigned to work here, for example in the kitchen and in workshops. In the course of the relocation of the SS administration school or its expansion into the SS leader school of the economic administration service, in addition to the SS personnel, some prisoners from the concentration camp in Dachau also came to the SS barracks in Arolsen.
Former Dachau prisoner Bodgan Wozniak, who worked in the kitchen of the school in Dachau, recalled: “… Only a few people worked in the kitchen – about 14 in total. My boss’s name is K., an ethnic German from Tomaszow-Mazowiecki. … The boss among the waiters was called W., the head of administration was Wr. I also remember the accountant’s appearance. He was slim and had straight hair. … Our departure took place on December 23, 1943. … We took the train to Arolsen under the supervision of two older security guards. …” 9 men on the transport were German, 11 were Poles, 3 were Yugoslavs, 2 were French and 1 was Belgian. A total of 26 prisoners from KL Dachau were transferred to the Arolsen external command and, for administrative reasons, were formally transferred to KL Buchenwald on December 27, 1943.
Here, too, these were mainly craftsmen who were needed in Arolsen for work in the kitchen and workshops. In the monthly calculation for January 1944 for the Arolsen external command, the arrival of the Dachau transport was noted for January 7, 1944; the number of prisoners increased from 34 to 60. With a transport of a further 12 Poles and 6 Russians, the strength of the prisoner command in the SS barracks, together with the 20 prisoners from the Arolsen SS clothing camp, reached 98 male prisoners.
(Zimmer, Deckn.Arthur, pp. 101 – 103, Fig. 3.22, 142, for further development see also pp. 142-156)

Georg Bochmann was one of the Co´s of the Verwaltungschule der SS

In January 1944 the school moved to Arolsen. Almost at the same time, in February 1944, it also received a new commander, SS-Oberführer Georg Bochmann, who was supposed to take over the school with effect from November 1, 1943, but whose transfer had been canceled at the time.
(Jan Erik Schulte, Forced Labor and Extermination, The Economic Empire of the SS – Oswald Pohl and the SS Economic Administrative Main Office 1933 – 1945, Schöningh-Verlag, Paderborn, 2001, 68)

In 1943 Eduard Weiter took over the Co´ of the KL Dachau. He would held this command until almost the end of the camp, april 1945.

Eduard Weiter

April 20, 1944
47.Cooking course v. April 20, 1944 – May 17, 1944 SS training kitchen Dachau
(Photo SS training kitchen Dachau in DF 4/74 inside back cover, the 48th course ran in Oranienburg from May 20th to June 17th, 1944, up to then around 1,750 troop cooks, kitchen bookkeepers and master chefs had been trained in Oranienburg, see also Kaienburg, Sachsenhausen , p. 344))

September 14, 1944
At the same time as other commanders, the commander in WW VII decided to fundamentally change the command structure in his military district. With the command deputy. Gen.Kdo VII.AK (Wehrkreiskommando VII), Az 35, No. 3010/44 g.Kdos, Ia, v. On September 14, 1944, this was now divided into “protected areas” and subordinate “protected areas” instead of the previous location areas. The accommodation areas of the two replacement divisions located in the WWF became protected areas:
Protected area “West” Div.No. 407 Augsburg
Protected area “East” Div.No. 467 Garmisch
Protected area “Mitte” location areas Munich, Fürstenfeldbruck

By order of March 16, 1945, Ref. A1, No. 1400/45, the Dachau district, previously the East Protected Area, was assigned to the Central Protected Area.

This reorganization of the military district served to increase the performance and training of troop leadership. The protected areas were divided into a total of 14 protected areas. The provisions on the subordination relationships stated: “.. All army troops located in their area and the alarm units of the Luftwaffe, the Waffen SS and the labor service are subordinate to the commanders of the protected areas….” A special feature should be mentioned that the Gauleiters also signed this order.

From then on, the respective troop commanders replaced the site elders in the protected areas and areas. The Central Protected Area, whose commander was the Wehrmacht commander from Munich, received its own general staff officer to align it with the two division staffs 407 and 467.
With the new protected area regulations, well-rehearsed staff members were now available for the ever-increasing territorial tasks. Simulation games for use against airborne landings and insurgent foreign workers were carried out everywhere in the following period.
(Joachim Brückner, End of the War in Bavaria, individual writings on the military history of the Second World War 30 MGFA, pp. 14 – 15, here BA-RH 53-7/1212)

November 00, 1944

  1. Cooking course at the “Waffen SS training kitchen” in November 1944 (found on eBay)

November 00, 1944
At the end of October or beginning of November 1944, the SS main company z.b.V., which was originally set up in Dachau, returned to Dachau from Hamburg.

On November 15, 1944, the SS Main Office announced in the VOBl d. W SS, 5th year, 1944, v. 11/15/44, point 96 transfers, the transfer of the SS-Stammkp.z.b.V. from Hamburg-Langenhorn to Dachau. (N. Heitman dated March 7, 2000)

Apparently Dachau wasn’t supposed to be the “last solution”, but actually Graz-Tobelbad.

In the Ordinance Gazette of the Waffen-SS, 6th year, 1945, No. 3 from February 1st, 1945 it is stated under

Number 99 Deployment to the SS Stamm-Kp. e.g.V., arranged:

From the SS Stamm-Kp. e.g.V. So far only parts have been relocated to Graz – Tobelbad. The reception center is still in Dachau. March marches and all correspondence must therefore still be routed via Dachau.

(Telephone message from Uwe Kleinert dated May 11, 2008)

“…Harms once gave the reason for the change of quarters to M.-B. told. … Harms refused to use his disabled soldiers to guard the Neuengamme concentration camp in case an Allied landing took place on the North Sea coast. The concentration camp guards were then supposed to go into combat and Harm’s unit was supposed to take over the guard. This is how it turned out. Bassewitz-Behr and was then very angry. Harms also received a promotion ban, which would explain his rank of Hauptsturmführer in this large unit. Said to have been sometime in October/November 1944. Christmas was already celebrated in Graz. …

Harm’s wife, who is a few years older than him, comes from the Graz corner. ….” (Andre Freit from May 12, 2008)

The exact time of the company’s transfer to Graz is not known, but it was probably no longer in Dachau in April 1945!

Author Roland Pfeiffer (small part Georg Schwab) Images Georg Schwab
Final part will be published tomorrow.

SS-Standort Dachau (Part 5)

August 15, 1940

A turning point in the history of the SS-VT and the SS-TV – officially known as the “Waffen-SS” – was the formation of the SS Leadership Main Office on August 15, 1940

The Reichsführer-SS                                                                                    Berlin, August 15, 1940

Tgb.No. 1107/40 go.

Distributor:         see appendix

With effect from August 15, 1940, the SS leadership headquarters of the Reichsführer-SS and head of the German police was established.

MAx Simon infront of his unit of the 1.ss-T.V. “Oberbayern”

The Reichsführer-SS, as leader of the entire SS (General SS and Waffen-SS), uses the leadership office as a command authority for the military leadership of the Waffen-SS (as long as its units are not subject to the Ob.d.H in special operations) and for the preliminary and post-military leadership and education of the General SS.

The main management office includes:

The Waffen-SS command with the offices, inspections and offices previously subordinate to it:

32.)      SS-Verw.Ers.Abt.                                           Dachau

49.)      SS-Standort-Kdtr.                                           Dachau

58.)      SS-Hauptzeugamt                                           Dachau

65)       K.L. mit SS-Totenkopfsturmbann (4 Kp.)     Dachau

76.)      SS-Sanitätsschule der Waffen-SS                  Dachau

80.)      SS-Lazarett                                                     Dachau

90.)      G.u.V. Prüfstelle                                             Dachau

97.)      SS-Bekleidungswerk der Waffen-SS             Dachau

98.)      Beschaffungsstelle der Waffen-SS                 Dachau

115.)    Wirtschaftsinspektion d. Waffen-SS „Süd“   München-Dachau

119.)    Heimatverw. d. SS-T.-Division                       Dachau

129.)    SS-Standortverwaltung                                  Dachau

141.)    SS-Verwaltungsschule                                    Dachau

The SS location tour in Berlin

The offices, inspections and departments mentioned under a – e will be eliminated on August 15th. Resigned from the SS main office in 1940.

The Reichsführer-SS

Signed H. Himmler    (Mehner, p.14)

The Reichsführer-SS                                                                                    Berlin, August 15, 1940

Tgb.No. 1108/40 go.

Distributor:         see appendix (in the appendix, Mehner, p.14)

I will be taking over the leadership of the SS Main Office, which was established on August 15, 1940, until further notice.

I appoint SS brigade leader Jüttner as chief of staff.

The Reichsführer-SS

Signed H. Himmler

Soldiers of 1.SS-T.V. “Oberbayern” on excercise

According to the Waffen-SS command, Ia, Tgb.No. 78/40 g.Kdos of August 1, 1940, it was ordered that current correspondence until July 31, 1940 should be carried out under the name Command of the Waffen-SS, Chief of Staff, Oranienburg, and all correspondence from August 1, 1940 to SS Command Headquarters, Waffen-SS Command, Berlin-Wilmersdorf, Kaiserallee 188. (Mehner, p.14)

With the establishment of the SS Leadership Main Office as the command authority for the military leadership of the Waffen-SS, an extensive reorganization of the existing Waffen-SS units took place.

New units were set up, existing ones were reclassified and others were dissolved. This also involved a change in the previous locations of the units.

This particularly affected the reinforced SS Totenkopf standards, which were issued on the orders of the SS-FHA v. On September 12, 1940, as part of the uniform orientation of all Waffen-SS units, they had to be reclassified according to the principles applicable to an Inf.Rgt (mot).

(DF 3/1973, p.23)

The SS-FHA, Ref.: 10n14/Ba/Pe v. September 25, 1940, warned on that day: “… There is reason to point out that according to the command of the Waffen-SS, Ia/Tgb.No. 78/40 g.Kdos from August 1, 1940 the inspection of the SS Totenkopf standards was dissolved. …” (Mehner, p. 14)

This order initially appears to have had little impact in the Dachau location area, compared to the Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg location, where there were also some replacement units or training units of the SS-TV??!!

October 5, 1940

SS-FHA, Ia, Tgb.No. 127/40 g.Kdos v. October 5, 1940 regarding

Relocation of the SS-T-Inf.Gesch.Ers.Kp. Dachau

Relocation from Dachau m.W. v. October 20, 1940 to Hamburg-Langenhorn, where the company was subordinated to the E/S “Germania” in terms of training and discipline.

As part of the reorganization of the Waffen SS replacement units, the company was renamed “SS-T-IG-Ers.Kp.” dissolved and now formed the “2.SS-IG-ErsKp.”.


January 1, 1941

Renaming of the SS Totenkopf Artillery Replacement Department, Dachau, as of January 1, 1941, to III. Department of the SS Artillery Replacement Regiment and at the same time incorporated into the regiment.

(Vopersal, Sold., Kämpf., Kam, Vol. 1, p. 324)

Garage at SS-Standort Dachau

March 30, 1941

On March 30, 1941, the order to set up the

Replacement Administrative Services Unit                                                       03/30/41 – 05/14/41

Replacement Department of the SS Administrative Services                                        05/14/41 – 05/31/44

Training and Replacement Department of the SS Administrative Services            June 1, 1944 – April 27, 1945

in Dachau.

April 8, 1941

On April 8, 1941, the III. Department of the SS Artillery Replacement Regiment to Munich-Freimann. (Vopersal, Sold., Kämpf., Kam, Vol. 1, p. 324)

April 20, 1941
Promoted to Standartenführer, Gustav Diesterweg was appointed Commander of the SS Weapons Master School in Dachau, which was renamed again on September 1, 1941:

SS-Waffenmeisterschule München-Dachau                                   20.04.41 – 01.09.41
SS-Waffenmeisterschule München-Dachau               
Waffentechnische Lehranstalt der SS München-Dachau 01.09.41 – 00.04.                    20.04.41 – 01.09.41

From the information sheet of the SS-FHA, Weapons Inspection, for the careers of weapons master personnel in the Waffen-SS from September 1, 1941:

The Waffen-SS weapon master staff consists of:
I Weapon Master’s Assistant
II technical sub-commanders (W)
III technical guides (W)

You are responsible for maintaining and repairing the weapons and equipment.

Admission conditions: Entry times and length of service according to the information sheet for joining the Waffen-SS as a volunteer, which is available from the SS supplementary offices.
For those named under I – III, only those men who can present the certificate of having passed the industrial skilled worker examination or the journeyman’s certificate from a chamber of crafts or guild of the completed practical apprenticeship as mechanics, machine fitters, machine builders, tool makers, tool fitters, gauge filers, are eligible for consideration. Precision mechanic or gunsmith. Applicants who have completed their apprenticeship in industrial companies will receive preference.
The request for employment must specifically express the desire to work as a weapons master’s assistant.

Service career:
I. Weaponmaster assistants:
1 year front service. In the last quarter of this year, the applicants will be sent to the military armory in the afternoon to prove their suitability for later use in the armory service.
At the beginning of the second year of service, those suitable are permanently assigned to the armory as assistants and receive further training in a special weapons master’s assistant course lasting 4 months at the SS Munich-Dachau Weapons Technical Training Institute. There will be an exam at the end of this course. Based on the results of this test, a decision must be made:
1.) Whether the examinee is suitable as a weapon master’s assistant in the troops or whether he is unsuitable for weapons technical services – if he is unsuitable, he returns to the front.
2.) Whether the examinee is suitable for a junior commander career in the weapons service. If you are suitable, you must attend a one-year non-commissioned leader course at the SS Weapons Technical Training Institute.

After completing the one-year course at the SS Weapons Technical Training Institute, those found suitable for a weapons-technical leadership career receive a further 1 ¼ years of training to become weapons-technical leaders at the SS Weapons-Technical Training Institute.

Participation in the sub-leader or leader course requires a 12-year service commitment.

II. Achievable ranks as technical sub-commanders (W):
SS-Unterscharführer to SS-Hauptscharführer

In the last years of the 12 years of service, it is possible to attend technical colleges for administration and technology, at the end of which the final examination I (lower career) or the final examination II (middle upper career) can be taken.

III. Weapons technical guides:
After completing the weapons master’s assistant course and after completing 12 years of service, if you are suitable, you will be assigned to a weapons technology course at the SS weapon technology training institute, which corresponds to the courses at a higher technical training institute. Training at the SS Weapons Technical Training Institute lasts 2 ¼ years.
These courses conclude with the technical examination. Leader (W) while simultaneously taking the engineering exam – specializing in mechanical engineering.

More excercise of the soldier in 1.SS-T.V. Oberbayern

As a result, appointment as weapons technology leader and SS-Untersturmführer takes place after a total period of service of 4 ½ to 5 years.

Available ranks:
SS-Untersturmführer to SS-Obersturmbannführer

The technical leaders W who have not yet taken the final examination II (examination for the advanced technical inspection and acceptance service) due to previous weapon master training at an army weapon master school or who have not yet been able to take it due to the conditions at the time, have this examination at the weapons technology training college of the SS Munich – Dachau in order to be able to advance further through the position of SS-Hauptsturmführer.

Care and provision:
Care and provision for members of the Waffen-SS is carried out in accordance with Wehrmacht care in accordance with the SS Welfare and Supply Act. After being released from the Waffen-SS, a career as a civil servant is possible, especially in the police, secret state police, customs, etc. The most extensive financial support is provided when purchasing a settlement. Those who have served for 12 years receive a civil pension certificate.
(Jörg-M. Hormann, The Ordinance Gazette of the Waffen-SS – A Selection, Fitsch-Form-Verlagsgesellschaft Hannover, 1980, pp. 22-23)

April 24, 1941
SS-FHA, Ia/G./Keu, Tgb.No. 1484/41 go to v. April 24, 1941
Re: Composition of the Waffen-SS

According to the supplements:

32.)      SS-Verw.Ers.Abt.                                           Dachau
49.)      SS-Standort-Kdtr.                                           Dachau
58.)      SS-Hauptzeugamt                                           Dachau
65)       K.L. mit SS-Totenkopfsturmbann (4 Kp.)     Dachau
76.)      SS-Sanitätsschule der Waffen-SS                  Dachau
80.)      SS-Lazarett                                                     Dachau
90.)      G.u.V. Prüfstelle                                             Dachau
97.)      SS-Bekleidungswerk der Waffen-SS             Dachau
98.)      Beschaffungsstelle der Waffen-SS                 Dachau
115.)    Wirtschaftsinspektion d. Waffen-SS „Süd“   München-Dachau
119.)    Heimatverw. d. SS-T.-Division                       Dachau
129.)    SS-Standortverwaltung                                  Dachau141.)   
141.) SS-Verwaltungsschule                                    Dachau

(Kurt Mehner, Waffen-SS und Ordnungspolizei, Norderstedt, 1995, S. 30-33)

September 1, 1941
On September 1, 1941, the SS Command Main Office, SS Medical Office, announced in the Waffen-SS Ordinance Gazette, 2nd year 1941, No. 16, Number 352 of September 1, 1941:
P.u.V. test centers:
a) For the G.u.V. testing centers, the name “Sanitary Inspection of the Waffen-SS” is no longer used.
From now on it says:
“Health and Usage Testing Center of the Waffen-SS Dachau”
or Prague or Hohenlychen.
The designation “Commander of the G.u.v. testing center” must now be replaced by the designation “Leader of the G.u.V. testing center.”
Furthermore, the designation “near the SS hospital Dachau” or Prague or Hohenlychen is no longer used. It is now only called “G.u.V.-Teststelle Dachau” or Prague or Hohenlychen. –
b) A welfare center for circulatory patients will now be set up at the G.u.V. testing center of the Waffen-SS Dachau. The G.u.V. test center Dachau and the welfare office report to the leader of the G.u.V. test center. –
SS members who require circulatory monitoring and are temporarily unfit for service are referred to the welfare office. –
(Jörg-M. Hormann, The Ordinance Sheet of the Waffen-SS – A Selection, Fitsch-Form-Verlagsgesellschaft Hannover, 1980, see also BA-MA N 756, Wolfgang Vopersal, G.u.V.-Prüfstelle Dachau, n.d., 1 page)

The G.u.V. test center in Dachau was dissolved at a previously unknown point in time.
(BA-MA N 756, Wolfgang Vopersal, G.u.V.-Prüfstelle Dachau, undated, 1 page)

November 15, 1941
After the first SS teaching kitchen was built in Oranienburg in 1940/41, a similar facility was also founded in Dachau a few months later.
In a notice in the Waffen-SS Ordinance Bulletin dated November 15, 1941, number 442, reference is made to the teaching kitchen in Dachau, but it was not yet in operation in September 1942.
The first course in Oranienburg did not begin until the end of July 1942. 24 troop cooks were trained there in two-week courses
(Hermann Kaienburg. The military and economic complex of the SS in the Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg concentration camp site, Metropol-Verlag 2006, pp. 340 – 341, see also note 560

December 15, 1941
Regarding the SS location headquarters in Dachau, according to the SS-FHA, Org.Abt. Tgb.No. 5539/41 from December 15, 1941: Reported to the SS-FHA, subordinate to the SS Dachau location command
a) a guard company in Dachau for the SS site guards and the Munich guard of honor
b) a guard company on the Obersalzberg for the guard of honor
c) the commanded company in Dachau
d) the SKD special column on the Obersalzberg
(see also Kurt Mehner, Waffen-SS and OrPo, p. 279)

End of part 5

Author Roland Pfeiffer, some Images Georg Schwab

SS-Standort Dachau (part 4)

We continue the serie about the SS-Standort Dachau which existed between 1933 and 1945.

May 16, 1938
By order of the SS Main Office, the SS Medical School Dachau was to be opened with effect from May 16, 1938 “for the training of medical students of the barracked SS”.
(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Medical School Dachau, n.d., 2 pages, here p.1, see also BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Lazarett Dachau, n.d., 2 pages, here p.1, according to the circular of the SS-FHA from April 22, 1941 there were medical schools in Berlin, Dachau and Prague see also Hermann Kaienburg, The military and economic location of the SS in the Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg concentration camp site, series of publications by the Brandenburg Memorials Foundation, Vol.16, Metropol-Verlag , Berlin, 2006, pp.274-275, see also notes 326-328)

As a result of the overcrowding of all the accommodation rooms in the Dachau training camp with recruits from Austria, the first course was postponed and only began in the early summer of 1938. It lasted 6 months.
The school was affiliated with the SS Hospital Dachau, whose chief physician also ran the school according to the instructions of the SS Medical Office in the SS Main Office.
The permanent staff provided the SS standard “Germany” as well as the SS medical squadron SS-TV Dachau and the SS medical squadron SS-VT Munich.
The SS medical office regulated the identification of the teachers. The costs of the school were proportionally borne by the budget of the SS-Verfügungstruppe and the SS-Totenkopfverbandes. The students formed both units of the armed SS.
(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Medical School Dachau, undated, 2 pages, here p.1)

SS-San.Schule Dachau marked in red

In the summer of 1938, the national method of counting the Sturmbanne was abolished; since then, the three Sturmbanne have had the numbers I, II and III, and the hundreds have had the numbers 1 – 12.
For the Hundreds, the time of the renaming is not entirely certain; the new numbering can be proven, among other things, for the 2nd Totenkopfstandarte in mid-1939 at the latest.
(Hermann Kaienburg, The military and economic location of the SS in the Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg concentration camp site, series of publications by the Brandenburg Memorials Foundation, vol. 16, Metropol-Verlag, Berlin, 2006, p. 163, note 125)

September 00, 1938
The I. and II. Sturmbann of the SS-T-St. 1 were deployed to the Ascher Zipfel in Czechoslovakia in September 1938. (Klietmann, Waffen SS, pp. 345-346, see also A.Mollo, Vol.4)

The I.-III./1.SS-Totenkopfstandarte “Oberbayern” were deployed in Ascher Zipfel (Czech Republic) to support the Sudeten German Freikorps “Henlein” before the Munich Agreement was concluded in September 1938. (Michaelis, Waffen-SS, Mythos, p. 309)

At the end of September 1938, before the occupation of the Sudetenland, which only took place zone by zone from the beginning of October 1938, Stubaf stood. Deisenhofer with his young men of the II. Sturmbann/1.SS-T-Sta.”Obb.” in the Asch area as the 2nd SS Battalion of the Sudeten German Freikorps and secured the Antonienhöhe in front of Franzensbad without any significant combat operations in order to prevent reprisals by the Czech army against the rebelling Sudeten German population. …
The Btl. Deisenhofer then took part in the military occupation of the German-populated area ceded to the German Reich as part of the army. (EG. Krätschmer, RK-Betrager, p. 314)

October 2, 1938
The SS-Sturmbann “N” took part in the invasion of the Sudetenland on October 2, 19438 – reinforced by an artillery department of the army and under the command of the VII Army Corps. He was assigned to the Neuern (Nyrsko) area and had the task of securing the demarcation line.
(Otto Weidinger, Division Das Reich, Volume I, Munin, 1967, p. 91)

12./1.SS-TV Oberbayern in Zlin and visiting the BATA factory, it still exist and I have been on the same spot.

November 1, 1938
On November 1, 1938, the SS-Sturmbann “N” began to be reorganized into a motorcycle battalion.
Subordination to the official supervision of the “Germany” standard was abolished. With the previous IV Sturmbann SS-“D”, which was also reorganized into a motorcycle rifle battalion, SS-“N” became the regimental staff z.b.V. under SS staff. Walter Krüger subordinated.
The Sturmbann “N” was supposed to form the SS Motorcycle Rifle Battalion I in the regiment.
(Otto Weidinger, Division Das Reich, Volume I, Munin, 1967, pp. 91, 106)

Further construction work was planned for 1939/40, including the completion of barracks and garages for the SS-Totenkopf-Standarte “Oberbayern” and of SS accommodation and farm buildings for the KL headquarters.

Modell of Dachau in 1939

Furthermore, the construction of a new SS hospital and a clothing office was planned, both with the location name “Munich-Dachau”.
(Kaienburg, Wirtschaft, p. 122, see also note 17 Pohl to the Reich Ministry of Finance dated January 12, 1939 with 4 pages of appendix (list of planned buildings), BAB R 2.12 172)

March 12, 1939
In March 1939, the 1st SS Totenkopf Standarte “Oberbayern” was used in the occupation of the Czech Republic. (Michaelis, Waffen-SS, Mythos, p. 309)

Participation of the 2nd Motor Vehicle Company in the occupation of the rest of the Czech Republic: alarm in the evening, drive via Pilsen to Brno; Stay about 1 week, return via Vienna. (R. Messering, My Defense…)

During the occupation of Bohemia and Moravia in March 1939, the II. Stuba.der Sta., Stubaf. Deisenhofer, via Pilsen, Prague and Iglau to Brno and only returned to his home garrison six months later. (EG. Krätschmer, RK-Betrager, p. 314)

Helmut Büch: “… In March 1939 I took part in the invasion of Bohemia and Moravia with our unit. Our 11th company is then in Brno for a while…” (H. Büch, In 80 Close Combat Days, p. 12)

The SS-Sturmbann “N” did not take part in the invasion of Bohemia-Moravia in March 1939 because of the ongoing reorganization.
(Otto Weidinger, Division Das Reich, Volume I, Munin, 1967, p. 91)

Men of SS-Btl. Nürnberg in the compund of Dachau , Nr 6 from left is the Future DkiG Holder Josef “Sepp” Thaler” I have got this photo from three different veterans. Among them Thaler
Men of the SS-Btl. Nürnberg on Guardduty at the entrance. This Man infront of the gate later became SS-Hstuf
The officers corps of the SS_Btl. “Nürnberg” at the SS-Übungslager Dachau , SS-Ostubnaf Ernst Deutsch (Big A) in the middle.

June 10, 1939
From June 10, 1939, the Kradschützen-Sturmbann “N” in the SS training camp began to be reorganized into an anti-tank department.
This meant that the Sturmbann SS-“N” had practically ceased to exist.
The tradition and with it the battalion flag of SS-“N” was taken over by the Anti-Tank Department/SS-VT.
Ellwangen was chosen as the future location.
(Otto Weidinger, Division Das Reich, Volume I, Munin, 1967, p. 91, there “July 10, 1939”, p. 111)

August 11, 1939
On August 11, 1939, the Panzer-Abwehr-abteilung/SS-VT, which only consisted of tribes, moved from the SS training camp to Ellwangen, where it was temporarily disbanded at the end of August 1939.
(Otto Weidinger, Division Das Reich, Volume I, Munin, 1967, p. 112)

August 25, 1939
With the mobilization, the connection between the 1st SS Totenkopf Standarte and the KL Dachau nominally ends.

An “SS-Totenkopf-Wachsturmbann” was formed for guarding from members of the “Police Reinforcement”, whose members had been trained for this purpose over the past few years and some had already been called up for various occasions (e.g. 1938).

The strength of this watch tower spell undergoes various changes during the war, and the composition also changes constantly.

September 20, 1939
The head of the SS main office in Berlin, September 20, 1939
Re: Handover of the SS training camp Dachau to the SS-Totenkopfstandarte “Oberbayern”

  1. With effect from October 1, 1939, the accommodation of the SS training camp Dachau will be handed over to the SS-Totenkopfstandarte “Oberbayern” for use and administration, unless this has already happened.
  2. The commandant’s office of the SS training camp Dachau was dissolved with effect from October 1, 1939.
    It has to complete its processing work by December 31, 1939. A decision will be made regarding the subsequent use of the SS leaders and SS sub-leaders who become free.
  3. The administration of the SS training camp Dachau will remain in its current form for the time being. From October 1, 1939, it reports directly to the head of the SS Administrative Office
  4. The Commandant Building,
    the hospital facility,
    the district heating plant,
    the weaponry,
    the gardening,
    the driver’s home,
    the fittings forge,
    the motor pool and
    The community center with cinema remains initially subordinate to the SS Administrative Office and is managed by it.
  5. The handover of the above-mentioned buildings and facilities must take place on September 29, 1939 at 9 a.m. by the commandant of the SS training camp Dachau to the head of the SS administrative office and to the leader of the SS-Totenkopfstandarte “Oberbayern”.
    The head of the SS Haupt Office, signed Heißmeyer, SS Obergruppenführer
    (T175 R40 picture 251 – 252)

From the end of September to December 1939, the SS Totenkopf Division was formed in Dachau. During this time, all accommodations were apparently occupied exclusively by parts of this division.

September 27, 1939
Between September 27, 1939 and February 18, 1940, the prisoners were transferred to other camps. Meanwhile, 7,000 members of the SS Totenkopf units were trained in Dachau. The prisoners were relocated: 2,138 to Buchenwald, 1,600 to Mauthausen, 981 to Flossenbürg. Only a work detail of around 100 prisoners remained in the camp.

October 20, 1939
From October 20, 1939, the SS Totenkopf Rekrüten Standarte was formed for newly drafted recruits of the SS Totenkopf units.

I. Sturmbann Dachau with tribes IV./IT SS-Ostubaf. Ernst Deutsch
II. Sturmbann Dachau with tribes V/IT SS-Hstuf. Kurt Laurar
III. Sturmbann Weimar with Trunks IV/2T SS-Ostubaf. Dr. Rudolf
IV. Sturmbann Weimar from 2 Res.Kp. d. 3T SS-Hstuf. Heinrich Heinke

Initially, only a 1st and 2nd rifle company and a 4th (MG) company were set up per Sturmbann.

The II. Sturmbann is sometimes also referred to as the IV./5.SS-T Standarte.
The commander of this standard will be the previous commander of the 6th SS-T standard in Prague, SS-Oberführer Julian Scherner
(Marten van Dijken, SS-Totenkopfverband, self-published 2017, p. 98)

In December 1939 at least the III. Sturmbann appears to have come to Dachau.
Until the standard was disbanded in April 1940, at an unknown point in time
I. Sturmbann to Klagenfurt, the
II. Sturmbann relocated to Stralsund
III. Sturmbann was still in Dachau, the location of the
IV. Sturmbann is not yet known (June 14, 2018).

November 29, 1939
Order to relocate the SS-T Division from Dachau (and other locations) to the Heilbronn area (see also Vopersal, Soldiers, Fighters, Comrades, Volume 1, p. 45)

December 00, 1939
The SS Medical School Dachau was part of the General SS until November 15, 1939, but by order of the SS Main Office on November 16, 1939 it became part of the armed SS and was subordinated to the corps doctor of the armed SS.

(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Medical School Dachau, undated, 2 pages, here p.1)

According to the “Personnel Order for Leaders of the SS San. Corps (in the original) of the Armed SS” from the head of the SS Personnel Main Office, SS-gruppenführer Schmitt (undated, probably October 1939, copy from NS 24-71 in the possession of the author. , possibly a draft, as handwritten changes were added), “with effect from October 10, 1939 … the following distribution of doctors, dentists and pharmacists in the armed SS occurred: …

In the “autumn of 1939,” although no exact date is known yet, a “circulatory testing center” was set up at the SS hospital in Dachau.
(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Hospital Dachau, undated, 2 pages, here p.1)

From December 1939 (?) the SS Medical School Dachau took over the training of medical ranks and stretcher bearers for the reinforced SS Totenkopf standards until September 1940. The courses lasted 2 months.
(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Medical School Dachau, undated, 2 pages, here p.1 below – 2 above)


January 1, 1940
The SS-owned company “German Equipment Works” takes over the workshops and businesses that were established within the KL (locksmith shop, carpentry shop, saddlery…)

February 19, 1940
Alex Piorkowski became commander of KL Dachau until September 1942

Alex Piorkowski

March 16, 1940
With effect from March 16, 1940, the previous “SS Circulation Testing Center Dachau” was expanded into a health and usage testing center (G. and V. testing center). The staff for this office was provided by the SS-TV (E) inspection at the SS main office.
(BA-MA N 756, Wolfgang Vopersal, G.u.V.-Prüfstelle Dachau, undated, 1 page)
The head doctor of the SS hospital in Dachau, the SS Sturmbannführer Dr. med., served as the commander. Fahrenkamp.
(BA-MA N 756, Wolfgang Vopersal, G.u.V.-Prüfstelle Dachau, undated, 1 page)

April 24, 1940
The RFSS – The General Inspector of the various SS-Totenkopfstandarten, No. 12/40 gKdos,
Berlin d. April 24, 1940
Re: Relocation of SS-T.-Standarten and SS-T.-Bataillons of the discontinued SS-Totenkopfstandarten
1.) … As III. Btl is subordinated to the 6th SS-T standard and the II. Btl (Stralsund) to the SS-T recruit standard….
2.) … The 1st Battalion (Klagenfurt) is subordinated to the SS-T Recruit Standard (the 7th SS-T Standard) as a further battalion. ….
3.) A 14th SS skull and crossbones standard is set up, which is intended for Denmark (probable location: Copenhagen).
It is composed of:
II./9.SS-T standard
III./6.SS-T standard
IV./ SS-T recruit standard
4.) A 16th SS skull standard will be re-erected. It is composed of:
III./SS-T. recruit standard Dachau
Rest I. and Rest IV./SS-T recruit standard
These two battalions will be replenished through supplementation.
Location: Prague (accommodations of the 6th SS-T Standard)
SS Standartenführer Herrmann (previously a police colonel) takes over the leadership of the standard. He received further instructions orally. The advance command of the III./SS-T recruit standard is to be marched immediately to Prague (orally in advance on April 23, 1940).

7.) The I. and II.SS-ArtErsAbt, SS-Stubaf. Heldmann, and the IG-ErsKp are relocated from Oranienburg to Dachau after they have been transported away.
The above-mentioned units are to be marched to Dachau on April 24, 1940.
(Hausser, soldiers like others, p. 270 ff)

The relocation of the artillery replacement departments was related to Eicke’s attempt to separate the replacement units of the Totenkopf Division from those of the Totenkopf Standards. To manage his replacement formations, Eicke had created a new command staff in Dachau under the name “Inspector of the Replacement Units of the Totenkopf Division”, which now withdrew all replacement units assigned to the division from Oranienburg, the headquarters of the Totenkopf Standards.
(Hermann Kaienburg, The military and economic location of the SS in the Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg concentration camp site, series of publications by the Brandenburg Memorials Foundation, vol. 16, Metropol-Verlag, Berlin, 2006, p. 228)

May 6, 1940
Apparently on May 6, 1940, the SS Dachau location headquarters was formed. Their leader was the

SS-Ostubaf., Standarten-, Oberführer Dr. Rudolf Pfannenstiel 06.05.40 – (20.04.42)
(until August 1, 1943?)

May 8, 1940
Rgt. Daily order 1/39 of the commander of the replacement units of the SS-T Division from October 27, 1939:
Still in Breslau as “I. and II./E SS-TV” was reclassified with effect from October 27, 1939 and became
“Staff replacement units of the SS Totenkopf Division”
(Marten van Dijken, The SS Death’s Head Associations 1933 – 1933, A Documentation, Volume II 1937 – 1939, self-published 2016, p.154, copy in the van Dijken archive)

The previous commander of the I. and II./E SS-TV, Erwin Reitz, who was promoted to SS-Obersturmbannführer on August 25, 1939, was appointed commander of the replacement units of the SS-Totenkopf Division.
(Marten van Dijken, The SS Death’s Head Associations 1933 – 1933, A Documentation, Volume II 1937 – 1939, self-published 2016, p. 154, there also photo Erwin Reitz)

In March 1940 “to handle all replacement matters of the SS-T-Div. in direct agreement with the commander of the SS-T-Div.” (Div.Order SS-T-Div./Kdr. dated March 28, 1940 regarding: Regulation of the replacement system) the office of the “Inspector (E) of the replacement units of the SS-Totenkopf-Division” based in Oranienburg near Berlin (until 7.5.40, then from 8.5.-11.5.40 Dachau near Munich).

This new office was responsible, among other things, for:
a) the replacement position of teams, clothing, equipment and equipment for the field units of the SS-T-Div
b) the compilation of replacement transports
c) the equipment of the marching units going to the front
d) the formation of a convalescent company

i.e. for all replacement matters of the SS-T Division. The department was also responsible for a uniform and new system

To manage the replacement units of the SS Death’s Head Division, Theodor Eicke had set up a new command staff in Dachau under the name “Inspector of the Replacement Units of the Death’s Head Division”, which now withdrew all replacement units assigned to the division from Oranienburg – the headquarters of the Totenkopf Standards.
(Hermann Kaienburg, The military and economic location of the SS in the Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg concentration camp site, series of publications by the Brandenburg Memorials Foundation, vol. 16, Metropol-Verlag, Berlin, 2006, p. 227 below – 228)

SS brigade leader Kurt Knoblauch is supposed to be there for a while
01.05.40 – 01.06.40 Inspector of the SS Totenkopf replacement units and commander of the
Replacement troop units of the SS Division “Totenkopf
01.06.40 – 24.12.40 1st General Staff Officer Ia of the SS Division “Totenkopf”
12/24/40 – 01/07/41 Commander of the Waffen-SS “West” (The Hague)
07.01.41 – 07.04.41 Commander of the Waffen-SS “Nordwest” (The Hague)
have been.
(Andreas Schulz, Günter Wegmann, Dieter Zinke, Generals of the Waffen-SS and Police, Volume 2, Biblio 2005, p. 537)

SS Standartenführer Wilhelm Bittrich is said to be from
15.06.40 – 00.00.00 Commander of the replacement troops of the SS-V and T-Division
have been.
(Kurt Mehner, Waffen-SS and Order Police, Norderstedt, 1995, p. 283)

June 00, 1940
In June 1940 the two SS-T-Art.Ers.Abt. I and II were combined in Abt I as “SS-T-Art.Ers.Abt”.
In addition to providing replacements for the SS-T-Art.Rgt, the department also provided personnel for the establishment of the lei in September 1940. Field howitzer battery for the SS-T-St.”K” in Norway.

End of Part 4. More will come

Author Roland Pfeiffer some images Georg Schwab

SS-Standort Dachau (Part 2)

Here is the second part of the SS-Standort Dachau. I hope you find it interesting and worth the reading.

July 7, 1935
Theodor Eicke is appointed inspector of the concentration camps and SS guard units.

September 1, 1935
On September 1, 1935, the SS training camp was officially opened. It was given its own commandant’s office, which formed a unit directly subordinate to the SS main office.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 118, see also note 9)

The II Sturmbann of the SS-Standarte 1 was still in the camp.
(Otto Weidinger, Division Das Reich, Volume I, Munin, 1967, p. 32ff)

Entrance to the SS-Übungslager Dachau, amongveterans it was called “Prittlbach”

“.. Horst Peiper, promoted to SS-Untersturmführer on April 20, 1937 after attending the SS-Junkerschule Tölz (SS-Ostuf. from November 11, 1938), was temporarily assigned to the main SS training camp in Dachau.
The so-called SS training camp Dachau existed from October 1935 to October 1939 and was home to parts of the disbanded “Austrian Legion” (Hilfswerk Österreich). The commandant’s office had a strength of about a hundred men; it was considered a special unit of the Reichsführung-SS
The commander was initially Obersturmbannführer Karl-Maria Demelhuber, then “Blood Order Bearer” Oberführer Georg Aumeier. Aumeier had been Himmler’s adjutant and Reich Managing Director of the SS from 1930 to 1931. …
(Jens Westermeier, Himmler’s Warriors, Joachim Peiper and the Waffen-SS in the War and Post-War Period, Schöningh Verlag, 2014, p. 133)

Georg Aumeier

In September, the SS-Wirtschaftsbetriebe Dachau was placed under the command of the newly built SS training camp in Dachau as an “… independent Sturmbann…”.
Although from this time onwards the field commander of the SS training camp was the superior of the SS personnel in the commercial enterprises, the administrative office was able to assert a say in promotions.
Three and a half years later, the insinuation was reversed and the SS personnel of the SS business enterprises were finally officially integrated into the organization of the SS administrative chief.
(Schulte, Forced Labor, p. 100, note 34: “… There is currently no study on the SS training camp at Dachau. Probably built in 1935 as a training camp with attached barracks for the new SS disposition force, it was located directly next to the KL Dachau. The training camp was part of a large SS complex. This included the KL, the barracks for the SS-Totenkopfsturmbann Oberbayern, the accommodation for a Sturmbann of the SS-VT as well as the workshops of the Porzellan-Manufaktur Allach/München GmbH and an SS-owned housing estate …”)

November 22, 1935
In connection with the planned establishment of a “medical corps of the SS-VT and the SS-T. (guard) associations” in the financial year 1936, the “SS’ own hospital departments of the barracked SS” were put into operation, but were facilities of the General SS. In addition to treating patients, these hospital departments also provided training and further education for medical staff. For this purpose, medical schools were attached to the hospitals. (see also BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS hospitals general, undated, 4 pages)

The first “SS hospital” was set up in Dachau by order of the SS main office on November 22, 1935 as an “SS site hospital” with initially 50 beds.

From the summer of 1936, a more precise date cannot yet be specified, an SS dental station was attached to the SS hospital.
Also in the “summer of 1936” the SS Medical Squadron Munich was set up as the hospital staff.
(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Hospital Dachau, undated, 2 pages, here p.1)

In October 1936, the hospital was opened with the establishment of a department for internal diseases including an isolation ward for segregation patients under the direction of SS-Hauptsturmführer Dr.med. Stoye and a surgical department expanded.
(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Hospital Dachau, undated, 2 pages, here p.1)

With effect from November 1, 1936, the dental station in Dachau and the newly built X-ray station, SS-Obersturmführer Müller, were placed under the control of the chief physician of the SS hospital in Dachau.
(BA-MA N 756 Wolfgang Vopersal, SS Hospital Dachau, undated, 2 pages, here p.1)

December 10, 1935
SS Oberführer Heinrich Deubel becomes the new commander in Dachau.

Heinrich Deubel


This was followed in 1936 by the establishment of pig and chicken stables as well as rooms for gas warfare exercises, an expansion of the concentration camp prisoner camp in the south, the conversion of a command building with rooms for the supervisors, the labor service and the identification service, and the construction of a disinfection system.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 119)

In 1936/37 the vehicle workshops, garages and gas stations for the two vehicle fleets of the KL and the TV were relocated to other buildings that had been prepared for this purpose.
The metalworking shop also moved to another building.
Also started and completed during this period:
a gymnastics equipment warehouse,
a weapons master preschool,
a sports facility including tennis and handball courts as well
an outdoor swimming facility.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 119)

Since the establishment of accommodation for students from the SS leader, later Junker, schools in Bad Tölz (and Braunschweig, the author) who came to Dachau for military exercises (“platoon leader course”, the author), there have been quarters for around 2,500 in the entire area SS leaders, sub-leaders and enlisted men.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 119)

April 1, 1936
On April 1, 1936, the association was renamed and reclassified to “SS-Totenkopf-Sturmbann I “Oberbayern”. The previous name Wach-Unit was used for other units.

Paul Krauss, 1st Hundred, reported in 1936: “… In the meantime I had been promoted to Oberscharführer (sergeant). Now I had to take part in one internal troop course after the other. The SS gave its men nothing, but it offered every mentally, physically and characterically suitable and healthy young man the opportunity to become an officer, i.e. a leader. …
Meanwhile, civil war had broken out in Spain. Many of us, including me, volunteered to fight against the Reds in Spain. We came forward because we knew how close we had been to civil war in Germany in 1932-1933. Hitler’s rise to power saved us back then. Our report was not accepted. But our troop commander at the time went to Spain and died there. On the German side, the fight in Spain against the Red Terror remains reserved for the “Legion Kondor”. …”
With effect from January 1, 1937, I was transferred to the SS-Totenkopfstandarten Unterführerschule as an instructor. …”.
Krauss did not return to the regiment until 1940 as SS-Untersturmführer, then already SS-TIR 1 as part of the SS-T Division.
(I too am a witness from the century, Paul Krauß, self-published Coburg, second improved and supplemented edition, written in the first quarter of 1983, supplemented in 1991, 75 pages, pp. 32 – 33)

On April 1, 1936, SS-Oberführer Hans Loritz became commander of KL Dachau.

Hans Loritz

In the “summer of 1936” the Sturmbann II/1 was initially moved from the SS training camp to the Herzog Wilhelm barracks in Munich for a short time and remained here until the fall of 1936, when it moved into the new SS “Germany” barracks the Ingolstädter Landstrasse in Munich-Freimann.
(Otto Weidinger, Division Das Reich, Volume I, Munin, 1967, p. 33)

October 1, 1936
In August/September 1936, after the II./SS-“D” moved to the Munich-Freimann regimental barracks, the permanent personnel for a new Sturmbann, the SS-“N”, were ordered to the Prittlbach training camp and prepared for the deployment of the Sturmbann .
The leaders and sub-leaders of the permanent staff were provided by the LSSAH and the standard “Germany”.
October 1, 1936 was set as the installation date. The Sturmbann was structured as an infantry battalion (hauled).
News and Music Train
3 rifle companies
1 machine gun company
1 motor vehicle column.

The name “SS-N” meant “Nuremberg”, the independent Sturmbann was later assigned the city of Nuremberg as its location, with the task of being available there as a guard battalion at the Nazi party rallies, similarly representative events and congresses.
The construction of new barracks in Nuremberg began when the battalion was formed. Until it was completed, the Sturmbann was to be housed in the troop quarters of the Prittlbach training camp.
The permanent staff was almost complete on October 1, 1936. However, since the allocation of recruits was very small, only the 2nd and 4th companies were filled with recruits. That’s why the storm spell only reached around 60% of its target strength by the end of the year.
It was not until 1937 that the formation was completed and drill, weapons and combat training was carried out and the equipment with equipment, weapons, combat vehicles and horses was completed.
(Otto Weidinger, Division Das Reich, Volume I, Munin, 1967, p. 90)

Schützen-Hundertschaft    1./I /SS-TV                 120 Mann
Schützen-Hundertschaft    3./I /SS-TV                 120 “
Schützen-Hundertschaft    5./I /SS-TV                 122 “
Schützen-Hundertschaft    7./I /SS-TV                 120 “
Schützen-Hundertschaft    9./I /SS-TV                 120 “
Schützen-Hundertschaft    11./I /SS-TV              118 “
MG- Hundertschaft              20./I /SS-TV              105 “
MG- Hundertschaft              25./I /SS-TV              105 “
MZ/I /SS-TV               38 “
Stab I./SS-TV              23 “
San.Rekr.Zug/I /SS-TV                                             13 “

The Sturmbann I./SS-TV “Oberbayern” provides the guard command for the Dachau concentration camp

(Hermann Kaienburg, The military and economic location of the SS in the Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg concentration camp site, series of publications by the Brandenburg Memorials Foundation, vol. 16, Metropol-Verlag, Berlin, 2006, pp. 54-55)

From November 1936 to mid-1937, the SS infirmary was expanded into a modern hospital by converting and building five new barracks, including a nurses’ home, including two operating rooms, an X-ray and a dental ward.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 119)

In addition to the SS location in Dachau, a similar development began in 1936 as an economic and military complex until 1939 at the SS location in Oranienburg – Sachsenhausen.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 132ff


In 1937, the concentration camp was demolished and completely rebuilt using funds from the Reich budget to accommodate 6,000 inmates in 30 barracks.
In addition, there was a large solid-construction farm building on the south side,
There is also a detention building, canteen, teaching barracks, two infirmary barracks with modern facilities (including an operating room, dental ward), small workshops, watchtowers and fortifications, a greenhouse for the small camp nursery and other buildings.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 119)

In the same year, new horse stables, a covered lumberyard and a hall for wood cutting for the carpentry shop as well as casino rooms for members of the KL commandant’s office were built in the old buildings west of the camp.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 119)

After appropriate renovations, the Allach porcelain factory moved into two buildings in the SS training camp.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 120)

The “Reichsschatzmeister-Schwarz-Platz” was expanded for large parades and a shooting range including accommodation rooms, workshops, small animal stables, dog kennels and other facilities was built about one kilometer outside the camp complex near the community of Hebertshausen at the expense of the Reich.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 120)

In 1937/38 new SS accommodation was added. For strengthening the skull formations
2,000 men, financed by the Reich, built twelve barracks for 750 men, along with commercial and teaching buildings, on the site of the former garden center.
(Kaienburg, Wirtschaft, p. 120, see also note 13 on the statement 2,000 men: The information is taken from the chronicle, page 9, the above, according to which there is a total of space for 2,500 SS members, also from page 8 Both numbers are probably correct, the desired number of personnel is only the militarily organized SS units, according to Kaienburg)

A barracks for 240 additional Junker students was completed in February 1938.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 120)

The SS leased an area of around 300 hectares northeast of the camp as a parade and training area, far larger than the entire previous facility.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 120)

Eicke Platz – Dachau

In addition, the residential buildings outside the camp fence at “Lagerstrasse” 1 to 37 – later the “Straße der SS” from 1938 – and at the newly created “Eicke-Platz” I in front of the entrance building to the concentration camp, from which those who did not belong to the SS Tenants had to move out in 1934/35, renovated and repaired in the following years; also five residential buildings in the municipality of Hebertshausen.
From 1937 to 1938, additional houses for SS leaders were built on and in the area around Eicke-Platz, a total of 20 buildings with 75 apartments and a few shops.
In 1938, these new buildings became the property of the SS-owned company Gemeinnütziger Wohnungs- und Heimstätten GmbH. Since the property owners did not sell their land as desired, they were expropriated.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 120)

The various SS units in the SS complex in Dachau were also identifiable by their postal address from around 1937 at the latest – documented since then from SS personnel files:
Dachau 3/K meant “concentration camp”,
Dachau 3/Ü “Practice Camp”
Dachau 3/B “clothing warehouse”, later “-werk”,

At times there were additional units in Dachau,
Dachau 3/O skull standard “Upper Bavaria”
Dachau 3/F “Fahrenkamp” office
Dachau 3/Z is apparently the SS housing estate south of D. warehouse
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 118, note 9)

According to the SS administration, the total costs of the repair and new construction work in the Dachau complex from 1933 to 1937 amounted to approximately 9.25 million RM.
According to this information, the value of all buildings, systems and land including furnishings rose from around 4.0 million RM at the time of the takeover in March 1933 to around 25.8 million RM at the end of 1937; Of these, approximately 14.2 million RM were formally the property of the German Reich and 11.6 million RM were the property of the NSDAP.

According to the responsible officer in the SS administration office, the establishment of the Dachau camp and the further repair and conversion work in the first few years were paid for by the Bavarian state, while the NSDAP initially financed the expenditure on the troop sector. From 1936 onwards, the funds for the SS Death’s Head Associations, and from 1937/38 also those for the concentration camps, came from the Reich budget.

The purchase price for which the NSDAP acquired the complex in 1936 was therefore more of a symbolic nature. Within five years, minus the investment costs, an increase in value of around 12.6 million RM was achieved, particularly through the free labor of the concentration camp prisoners .
For the SS leadership, which of the two was considered the owner was of secondary importance. She was the beneficiary in both cases, and no one dared question this.
(Kaienburg, Economy, p. 122, see also note 19)

Author – Roland Pfeiffer, some images Georg Schwab

End of Part 2. Next chapter will soon be published

Clean up AHF


i have seen that, when I transfer all the data from the old site to the new site, that the old site have two subjects under “other aspect” which is about Red Army armour, and the organisation of NVA (the army of DDR).

Those two subjects will not fit into the new page of AHF, its simply why. They are not part of Axis History. As long as the old page are up and running you can still find the info there. But when I delete it, its gone.

if you doesnt agree about this , send me an email and tell me why. I might reconcider.